Space and location make spatial thinking a distinct, basic and essential skill that can and should be learned in school education, alongside other skills like language, mathematics and science.
Because of its capabilities GIS is inherently an excellent vehicle in expressing the five themes of geography, as defined by The Joint Committee On Geographic Education (1984): location, place, relationships with places, movement and region.
Spatial thinking is a distinct form of thinking, which helps people to visualize relationships between and among spatial phenomena (Stoltman & De Chano, 2003).